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4 Types of Belt Conveyor Layout – Which Option Is Right For Your Business

Adopting a pre-designed belt conveyor layout is one of the easiest and quickest ways to get the job done. It saves you time and money, and it may even be safer than designing your own system from scratch.

Belt Conveyor layout:

A belt conveyor is a simple machine for transporting bulk material. It consists of two or more pulleys with flat belts running over them in parallel, often in an enclosed trough. The drive shafts are arranged so that they turn at different speeds in order to move the belts at different speeds. The direction of belt travel can be changed by rearranging the belts on alternate shafts or by reversing one of the shafts. Typically, there are two drums, driven by separate motors through gears, and chains.

The belt conveyor can be used to transport a wide variety of materials, from loose bulk materials to packaged products. This is a type of material handling equipment that is designed to move products from one place to another in a continuous stream without any manual intervention or lifting by workers.

Conveyor design is a complex process that involves the selection of a number of different factors based on a variety of variables. These include material to be conveyed, volume, weight, product requirements, and work environment.

Belt conveyor layouts can be designed for practically any desired path of travel. It should be noted that transfer between conveyors should be avoided where possible due to additional wear on the belts at the loading points. Some of the profiles are shown below:

Horizontal Belt Conveyor Layouts

A horizontal belt conveyor system is a proven method for moving bulk material at a high volume, making it ideal for warehouses, workshops, mines, and quarries. 

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A belt conveyor is a continuous loop of the material moving on a series of rollers. A horizontal belt conveyor transports materials in a straight line, usually between two points. The layout for the system should be designed to allow the belt to move freely and not get caught up with any obstacles or other equipment. When designing your system you must take into account everything that may disrupt the smooth function of the belt.

Decline Belt Conveyor Layouts

Belt conveyor systems are the backbone of many industrial processes. These belts transport materials, foodstuffs, and even people around the factory floor. They make production lines flow without interruption and ensure that products are kept moving through the system. A belt conveyor system is an important part of any manufacturing operation; problems with these systems often result in slowdowns or complete shutdowns of production lines, which can be costly for companies.

The decline conveyor is just one of the many different layouts that can be used, which has a few different advantages over other types.

The main advantage of using a decline belt conveyor layout design is that it minimizes the amount of space required for installation and operation compared to an incline or level layout. Installation requires less space because equipment such as power motors, chutes, belts, pulleys, and drums are arranged in a smaller space.


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Belt conveyor layouts are one of the most critical areas in material handling, where errors can lead to high costs, quality control problems, and safety issues.

A belt conveyor layout will also be affected by various factors such as product length, width, weight, and a number of items per batch. The objective of a conveyor layout is to maximize the output while minimizing the input—to make the best use of available space.

Inclined Belt Conveyor Layouts

The inclined belt conveyor layout is a system for loading and unloading containers on board bulk carrier ships. Ship operators use this method because it’s fast, safe, effective, and flexible. It also reduces the need for expensive cranes or freight elevators to load or unload cargo.

This shipping method is most cost-effective at ports with large container vessels but not necessarily deep water berths (because they can’t accommodate large container vessel).

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Inclined Belt Conveyor, as one of the main conveying equipment in the industry, has been widely used for transporting bulk materials such as sand, gravel, coal, ore, and so on. The inclined belt conveyor is a kind of carrier that can transport bulk materials from lower to upper places and also each other. The incline angle helps keep the product flowing smoothly and efficiently while providing easy access for loading and unloading.

Overland Belt Conveyor Layouts

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The Overland Belt Conveyor is a simple and efficient belt conveyor system for transporting items in bulk. This design is considered the most cost-effective method for moving goods over long distances in a factory or warehouse setting. 

In this type of conveyor system, however, items are transported in a continuous loop. To operate effectively, the overland belt conveyor must have little or no slack and must move at a constant speed.


The belt conveyor layouts can be used in different ways. To get the most out of them, you must understand their purpose and apply them properly. If you are planning to build a new system or improve an old one, be sure to follow these tips before you start designing your own belt conveyor layout. If you’re interested in learning more about belt conveyors, please follow our blog.

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