Category: Automobile Engineering

Why The 1960s Vintage Personal Cars Had Been So Popular Till Now?

The 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

Do you remember the classic 1960s vintage personal cars? We recall a couple of them, maybe only which we couldn’t help but watch them drive down the road as a Chevy Impala. Of all, the 1960s contributed to the right direction for manufacturers of cars. After all, there isn’t a better era than the 1960s if you are a fan of classic cars (or just cars in specific).

1960s Vintage personal cars - Chevy impala

It’s a lot different nowadays. The cars are no longer as long-lasting, because some of them don’t know what they built. Many people are concerned with what their vehicles have without looking really at the style. This is why the vintage cars can look a little different according to current standards. In any event, these cars during the decade were described as “cool.”

Any classic cars were ride on the road during harmony, love and prosperity, from the Impala to the Thunderbird to the Camaro. Come on, then—throw the curtains, pull the windows down and prepare for the memory lane. If you’re a vintage car lover just remember to take a spin, here is a collection that you don’t want to skip. You won’t find anywhere else those cars except the sixties! 

Any of these vehicles are your beloved vintage 1960s cars? We’d like to say…aw if we had to choose a preference, forget! Between them all, we can’t pick!

1961 Sedan Cadillac De Ville

De Ville was one of the last designers to rock those taillight fins in this early decade! And no one could miss the steering wheel of this bus size? Furthermore, without a pink Cadillac we might not have a classic car collection. 

01 1960 vintage cars cadillac de ville Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

1961 Chevrolet Impala

01 1960 vintage cars chevrolet impala Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

That’s the top of the sedan. And the sedan models were built with “convertible top.” America couldn’t bear the open road!

1961 Ford Thunderbird

01 1960s vintage personal cars ford thunderbird Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

Thunderbird of 1961 was Ford’s answer to the Corvette but was only on the market as a “personal vehicle” rather than a performer. This category was eventually turned into a luxurious personal vehicle.

1963 Chevy Corvette Stingray

01 1960s vintage personal cars chevy corvette stingray Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

With its quickback style and unusual divisive rear windshield, the second generation Corvette was the most iconic. Chevy has returned the Stingray nameplate for the new version of the Corvette thanks to its continuing fame.

1964 Aston Martin DB5

01 1960s vintage personal cars aston martin db5 1 Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

Maybe it wasn’t the first James Bond car but thanks to Goldfinger movie it is certainly makes the most famed. Will you suggest any car from the 1960s that is so closely linked in popular media?

1964 Porsche 911 Classic – 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

01 1960s vintage personal cars porsche 911 classic Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

The 911 continues to be a Porsche demand, but this iconic version of 1964 does not quite match it. The style of the races of Le Mans was just as much home on your driveway.

1965 Chevrolet Bel Air

01 1960s vintage personal cars chevrolet bel air Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

For this 1965 model, Bel Air was completely restyled. The famous “bubbletop” style became a boxer model and the sale of standard family car was rising.

1965 Ford Mustang

01 1960s vintage personal cars ford mustang Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

It is the car which began a wave. The Mustang was compact, lightweight and had a powerful motor engine. The pony car has therefore been born. The Mustang cost around $2,400 in 1965 — only a little less than the basic model for 2018, and it will cost about $19,000 today.

1965 Jeep CJ-5 – 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

01 1960s vintage personal cars jeep cj5 Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

During 30 years of operational time, the CJ-5 (original SUV) remained essentially unchanged, before the new Wrangler was replaced. The similarity can still be seen.

1965 Lincoln Continental

01 1960s vintage personal cars lincoln continental 1 Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

Compared to today’s compact cars it may seem massive, but actually the ’65 Continental was the little one still in use. This car is advertised its “agile” dimensions by displaying advertising where a woman parked the car conveniently.

1965 Plymouth Barracuda

01 1960s vintage personal cars plymouth barracuda Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

This sportive 2-door was Chrysler’s reaction to Mustang’s popularity. The quickback style had a special rear window wrapping around the cabin sides.

1965 Shelby Mustang GT350 – 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

01 1960s vintage personal cars shelby mustang gt350 Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

The sixties were perhaps the smallest of the Mustang Cobras, but the Wimbledon white and racing lines are a classical style well beyond the current era.

1966 Alfa Romeo Spider

01 1960s vintage personal cars alfa romeo spider Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

This nice Italian roadster was the right car to take a sunny drive along the coast. Although it was well-known in car circles for its iconic dovetail rear configuration, Dustin Hoffman’s exhaustion of gas in The Graduate would more likely be remembered.

1966 Buick Wildcat – 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

01 1960s vintage personal cars buick wildcat Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

This elegant sedan also bears the iconic Buick “sweep spear” style. In addition, it is in convertible versions. The rub strip, which extends from nose to tail throughout the length of the car. In the Buick Riviera, look for it again.

1966 Oldsmobile Toronado

01 1960s vintage personal cars oldsmobile tornedo Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

In the self proclaimed luxury personal car market, Oldsmobile’s Toronado clashed directly with Ford Thunderbird. In 1966, Motor Trend’s cherished car of the year was awarded to the distinct sporty styling.

1966 Pontiac GTO – 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

01 1960s vintage personal cars pontiac gto Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

The year 1966 was the first year in which the Pontiac GTO became an independent model. As it came into being earlier. The coke bottle style (arches well around the back wheel) replaced these tail fins as they dropped out from 50s.

1967 Chevrolet Camaro – 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

01 1960s vintage personal cars chevrolet camaro Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

On his first debut in 1967, Chevy’s Mustang rival took all the stops. Until a decade later the profits of Ford wouldn’t be best, but a contest arose.

1967 Mercury Cougar

01 1960s vintage personal cars mercury cougar Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

The Car of the Year 1967 winner “Mercury”, which had an electric grille that obscured hidden headlights, occupied a position between Mustang and Thunderbird.

1967 Pontiac Firebird – 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

01 1960s vintage personal cars pontiac firebird Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

The Pontiac Firebird was cousin of the Camaro and launched at the same time as the Mercury Cougar. The Firebird produced the new famous trans Am performance kit with its trademark Coke bottle styling.

1968 Volkswagen Type 2

01 1960s vintage personal cars volkswagen type2 Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

There are hardly fewer cars that create pictures of floral influence and Hippie culture than the Volkswagen Type 2. This counter-cultural symbol is also a modified 1950-67 style. Instead of the older versions, the main distinction being a solitary windshield.

1968 Buick Riviera – 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

01 1960s vintage personal cars buick riviera Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

With the ’63 Buick Riviera, GM followed Ford on the luxury car personal market. However, the Buick sweep spear was modernised for the second generation and featured a unique change in horseshoe formated gear shift.

1968 Chevrolet Chevelle SS

01 1960s vintage personal cars chevrolet chevelle ss Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

The second generation Chevelle SS  really took up the inner hotrod of the engine. The Coke bottle style body has a distinct ‘kick-up’, a high-rising style that meets the cabin with trunk.

1968 Ford Torino – 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

01 1960s vintage personal cars ford torino Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

The Torino covered all automotive requirements. Fastback and convertible styles contested with the pony cars, but they still provided the most handy, family-minded driver with a stallion car design.

1968 Jaguar E-Type – 1060s Vintage Personal Cars

01 1960s vintage personal cars jaguar e type Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

In beauty and performance, the British sports classic set the bar high. You’d get this if you could afford a sports car in the 1960s. It was named the most beautiful car ever by Enzo Ferrari.

1968 Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme

01 1960s vintage personal cars oldsmobile cutlass supreme Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

The Cutlass Supreme was Chevy Chevelle’s cousin; however, with a cushioned bench and bucket seat and with a high-performance V8 pack, they were much more luxurious.

1968 Volkswagen Beetle – 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

01 1960s vintage personal cars volkswagen beetle Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

Produced famously by Germans in the early 1960s, The Beetle had its biggest success in the USA. The Beetle is the best selling single car design in history, largely unchanged since its introduction!

1969 Dodge Charger – 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

01 1960s vintage personal cars dodge charger Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

The Charger was launched in 1966, but it has been redesigned with its second generation model to increase sales. A decade after its production, the 1969 model would become iconic thanks in particular to The Dukes of Hazzard.

1969 Dodge Dart Swinger – 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

01 1960s vintage personal cars dodge dart swinger Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

Originally introduced in 1960 as a full-size car, and in 1969, redesigns saw it to a compact version. The “Swinger” moniker then took over for the 2-door hardtop (a replacement for the discontinued 2-door sedan).

1969 Plymouth Road Runner

01 1960s vintage personal cars plymouth road runner Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

In 1968, the Plymouth performance oriented medium-sized car was launched, and in 1969, it won the Car of the Year prize from Motor Trend. An important introduction in this year of the model lineup was the Air Grabber option.

1970 Dodge Challenger

01 1960s vintage personal cars dodge challenger Automobile Engineering Automobile Engineering 1960s Vintage Personal Cars

’70?! What’s that?! Recall that models have been launched before your actual model year before we get tonnes of e-mails to this blog. So the 1970 Challenger came out in 1969 and only broke the decade cut and gave Dodge its competition to the Mustang and Camaro.

Wind Tunnel Testing: Expectations vs. Reality | 10 Unconventional Knowledge About Wind Tunnel Testing Procedure That You Can’t Learn From Books

Wind Tunnel Testing

Aerodynamic development is done almost entirely experimentally, guided by empiricism based on the experience. The primary list facility is the wind tunnel. Wind tunnels, in the broadest sense, try to simulate the aerodynamic conditions that a vehicle would experience in its operating environment. However, the aerodynamics generates in a wind tunnel is not identical, but merely equivalent (to some degree) to the aerodynamic experienced “on-road”. For example, in a wind tunnel, both the far-field boundary and the ground boundary are represented in some convenient and yet useful manner.

01-wind-tunnel-testing-wind-tunnel-testing-procedure-aerodynamics-testing

Wind Tunnel Testing Procedure

Likewise, the test-section flow velocity (around a stationary vehicle) attempts to re-create the relative motion between a moving vehicle and the surrounding (stagnant) environment. Where differences exist between wind tunnel and road, it is important to know how they influence the results that rate generated by wind tunnel testing. This has been extensively studied for many years and continues to be an area of enduring interest. It has resulted in many useful ways of dealing with the lack of their replication of on-road conditions.

01-wind-tunnel-testing-procedure-how-wind-tunnel-works

History of Wind Tunnel Testing

Historically, the wind tunnel testing of automobiles started with small-scale models. Scales like 1:4 or 1:5 were preferred in Europe, the somewhat larger 3/8 scale in the U.S. The advantages of small-scale testing are that the models are cheaper than full- scale ones, are easy to handle, and can be quickly modified. Furthermore, one small wind tunnels are needed, and these are more generally available and can be rented at moderate cost.

For two reasons, small-scale testing was eventually only rarely used. At first, this was because test results from partial-scale models very often did not reproduce full-scale values with the accuracy needed. This deficiency was partly due to a lack of geometric similarity in the models, and partly to the unpredictable effects of Reynolds number.

Wind Tunnel Testing of Vehicles

However, geometric similarity is not a fundamental problem but rather a matter of the skill and care of the model maker. Also a Reynold-number gap on the order of two can be bridged by artificially increasing the turbulence level of the wind-tunnel. Consequently, small-scale testing has again come into favour and is used by some car manufacturers with great success.

The second and even stronger objection to small-scale testing is non-aerodynamic in nature. Vehicle exterior design is done in full-scale, because shapes in small scale cannot be adequately assessed aesthetically. Therefore, a full scale model always exists, and if it is built on a realistic chassis, such as the one from the preceding model year, it can also be used as the wind-tunnel model.

01-wind-tunnel-testing-of-vehicles-car-wind-tunnel-testing

Aerodynamic Testing

The aerodynamic forces and moments experienced by a vehicle in its operating condition are often of crucial interest to aerodynamicists. Force and moment balances have served as the most direct tool for determining these qualities. Much progress has been made in minimizing their sources of error. Moreover, the motivation to understand the causes of dynamic loads and to create more opportunities for the diagnosis of flow conditions has led to significant advances in the kinds of tools that are available.

Wind Tunnel Testing Software

These tools, many of them derived from computer-based devices and methods, have helped shed light on many previously unknown flow phenomena, both local and global. The plethora of these tools ranges from simple subjective flow visualization to very complex quantitative measurement systems. They have been used in applications for both external and internal flow situations.

01-wind-tunnel-testing-software-cfd-aerodynamic-test