Category Archives: Manufacturing Engineering


Interpolation The method by which contouring machine tools move from one programmed point to the next is called interpolation. This ability to merge individual axis points into a predefined tool path is built into most of today’s MCUs. There are five methods of interpolation: linear circular helical parabolic cubic All Read more…

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Two types of programming modes, the incremental system and the absolute system, are used for CNC. Both systems have applications in CNC programming, and no system is either right or wrong all the time. Most controls on machine tools today are capable of handling either incremental or absolute programming.   Read more…


The term numerical control is a widely accepted and commonly used term in the machine tool industry. Numerical control (NC) enables an operator to communicate with machine tools through a series of numbers and symbols. NC which quickly became Computer Numerical Control (CNC) has brought tremendous changes to the metalworking Read more…


There are numerous brazing methods are available. Some of them are Induction Brazing,  Furnace Brazing, copper brazing torch, infrared brazing, laser brazing, dip brazing, resistance brazing.


Brazing Technology is a joining process in which a filler metal is melted and dispersed by capillary action between the faying surfaces of the metal parts being joined. No melting of the base metals occurs in brazing; only the filler metals are melted. In brazing, the filler metal (also called as brazing metal), has a melting point is above 840° F (450° C) but below the melting point of the base metal to be joined. Tensile strength of the joint is about 40000 psi.


Underwater welding offers a mode of assembly or repairs the structures underwater. It is a type of technology for repairing marine structures. Unconventional methods such as clamp and grout repairs (which may set up inappropriately high loading on offshore structures), and the use of bolted flanges for the tie-ins, are not necessarily always satisfactory.


Diffusion bonding or welding is a solid state joining process wherein coalescence of the faying surfaces is produced by the application of pressure and elevated temperature to carefully cleaned and mated metal surfaces so that they actually grow together by atomic diffusion. Diffusion welding takes longer welding time.


CO2 sand casting or Hobby Aluminum casting is suitable for urgent and heavy orders with high accuracy and good surface finish on castings required. Hobby mould casters used this method because in this method elimination of core drying machine, but it is not an economical process. The only expense hobby mould caster encounters are the cost of the CO2 cylinder, regulator, and hoses and hand held applicator gun or nozzle. The operation is fast and the possibility of rejections is less. CO2 is a sand molding technique and it uses grain sand which is mixed with a solution of sodium silicate that acts as binding agent. CO2 gas is used to harden the mass of sand after the mould has been made.


Blow moulding Working principle In this process between the two parts of open moulds a hot extruded tube called parison is placed. The two valves of the moulds move close to each other so that the moulds closes over the tube. The parison’s bottom end is sealed. The molten plastic Read more…


INJECTION MOULDING WORKING PRINCIPLE Injection moulding process is generally used to achieve high speed moulding of thermo plastic. It works on the principle that the molten thermo plastic is injected into a mould and a high pressure is applied the desired shape is obtained. Plunger system is used for achieving Read more…

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