Classification Of Material Handling Equipment | Types Of Material Handling Equipment Loads

Classification of Material Handling Equipment, Classes of Material Handling Equipment, Types of Material Handling Equipment
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Classification / Classes / Types of Material Handling Equipment:

Bases on Design features and operational characteristics, material handling equipment may be broadly classified as:

Classification of Material Handling Equipment, Classes of Material Handling Equipment, Types of Material Handling Equipment

Classification of Material Handling Equipment, Classes of Material Handling Equipment, Types of Material Handling Equipment

Hoisting Equipments:

hoisting-equipments-pillar-type-jib-crane-cantilever-crane

hoisting-equipments-pillar-type-jib-crane-cantilever-crane

It constitute a group of equipment which are employed mainly for lifting or lowering of unit load or piece goods in batches.

This group of (Classification of Material Handling) equipment can be further sub classified into:

1. Pure Hoisting Machinery

  • Jack
  • Winches
  • Hand Hoists
  • Pulley Blocks

2. Cranes

3. Elevators

Conveying Equipment’s:

Automatic conveyor system, Material handling system, Material handling equipments

Automatic conveyor system, Material handling system, Material handling equipments

It comprises of a number of equipment which are employed for handling principally bulk load (occasionally piece goods or unit load may also be handled) in continuous flow. Such machines do not have separate lifting or lowering gear. This group of equipment also can have further sub classifications as:

  1. Belt Conveyor
  2. Hydraulic Conveyor
  3. Pneumatic Conveyor
  4. Apron Conveyor
  5. Screw Conveyor
  6. Flight Conveyor
Read More Info Regarding This Post :   Belt Conveyor Take Up Design | Conveyor Belt Take Up System | Horizontal Take Up In Belt Conveyor

Surface / Overhead Equipment’s:

Toyota Forklift surface equipment handling unit load and bulk load

Toyota Forklift surface equipment handling unit load and bulk load

These are the group of equipment’s which are employed for handling unit load or bulk load in batches on a horizontal surface. This group of equipment may be further sub classified into:

  1. Truck and Lorries
  2. Railway Cars and Wagons
  3. Fork Lifts
  4. Overhead monorail / Equipment
  5. Scrapers and Skidders

Classification of Material Handling Equipment Loads:

It usually classified into:

  1. Unit Load
  2. Bulk Load

Unit Load:

Unit loads are those which are counted by numbers or units. A component of a machine, a complete machine, a structural element, a beam, a girder, building block are some examples of unit load.

Hoisting machineries, NIKO Jib crane, Floor mounted cantilever beam cranes

Hoisting machineries, NIKO Jib crane, Floor mounted cantilever beam cranes

Sometimes certain quantities of free flowing materials can be placed in a container and can be handled as unit load. Hoisting equipment are primarily used for handling unit load. Unit loads are usually specified by it’s weight.

Read More Info Regarding This Post :   Material Handling Of Materials | Material Handling System | Material Handling Equipment

Bulk Load:

When the load is in the form of particles or lumps of homogeneous materials or powder like materials, which can not be counted by numbers, it is called as “Bulk load”.

Bulk load material handling equipments examples are railway cars and railway wagons

Bulk load material handling equipments examples are railway cars and railway wagons

Examples are:

Sand, Cement, Coal, Mineral, Stone, Clay etc.,

A bulk material may be classified by its:

  1. Bulk Density
  2. Lump-Size
  3. Flowability
  4. Abrasiveness
  5. Miscellaneous Characteristics
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