NVH Terminology/NVH Glossary
NVH Terminology is a term for the interpretation of vehicle noise, vibration, and harshness, which contribute to varying degrees of discomfort to what people can hear and feel as they drive along, including wind noise, road noise, suspension bumps, and engine vibrations.
Continuation of NVH terminology is available in the following post:
Audible Range of Sound-NVH Terminology
Sounds that are in the range of 20 to 20,000 Hertz (Hz).
The vertical measurement between the top and bottom of a wave. Also, see magnitude.
An NVH concern produced by two sounds that is most noticeable when the frequency difference is 1 to 6 Hz.
The process of seating the tire to the rim. If properly lubricated the bead seating occurs when the tire and wheel are assembled.
A vibrating object acts upon another object that causes the other object to vibrate.
The path a wave travels before the wave begins to repeat the path again.
To reduce the magnitude of a noise or vibration.
A component is used to dampen noise or vibration. Foam and rubber are commonly used to dampen vibrations.
A procedure that balances a tire and wheel assembly in two planes. Dynamic balance removes radial and lateral vibrations.
A long-duration, non-directional humming noise that is uncomfortable to the ears and has a range of 50 mph (80.5 kph) and up.
A long-duration, low-pitched noise that is non-directional and has a range of up to 30 mph (48 kph).
A long-duration, low-pitched noise that is non-directional and has a range of 30 to 50 mph (48 to 80.5 kph).
An Electronic Vibration Analyzer
An electronic NVH diagnostic tool that measures frequency and amplitude.
The number of complete cycles that occurs in a given period of time.
An aggressive suspension feel or lack of give in response to a single input.
The unit of frequency measurement in seconds (a vibration occurring 8 times per second would be an 8 Hz vibration).
Steady, high-frequency noise. Vacuum leak sound.
A steady, low-frequency tone, sounds like blowing over a long neck bottle.
A mid-range frequency noise between drumming and whine. Also described as a hum.
The physical quality of sound that relates to the amount and direction of the flow of acoustic energy at a given speed.
Lateral Run out
A condition where a rotating component does not rotate in a true plane. The component moves side-to-side (wobbles) on its rotational axis.
Magnitude (Amplitude) – NVH Terminology
The amount of force or the intensity of the vibration. The magnitude or strength of a vibration is always greatest at the point of resonance.
Provides a path for sound waves to travel through.
Engine block (2-4 Hz)
Tire and wheel assemblies (1-15 Hz) – proportional to vehicle speed
Suspension (10-15 Hz
Driveline (20-60 Hz)
Differential components (120-300 Hz)
The unpleasant or unexpected sound created by a vibrating object.
The number of disturbances created in one revolution of a component.
The position of a vibration cycle relative to another vibration cycle in the same hertz rate (time frame).