Material Handling Of Materials | Material Handling System | Material Handling Equipment

01-material handling system-material handling equipment-automated logistics system

In any production system, (either industrial/ Agricultural), the producer is always confronted with a problem of the handling of the material. The necessary raw material has to be transported to the production site or machinery, and after the completion of the production processes the finished goods have to be transported from the production site or machinery to the ware house for storage, or for disposal and marketing. If the production processes consists of more than one processing steps or a number of equipment and machineries, then the producer has to arrange for additional handling facilities to transport material from one production unit to the other.

In a primitive system of production as in the agricultural production in India or in the shop of a village blacksmith, the raw material and finished goods are carried manually or by bullock cart. In a giant structural fabrication shop, or in a large foundry or forging shop, the raw materials and finished jobs may be moved with heavy duty EOT ( Electric Overhead Travelling), Crane or Jib Crane.

01-EOT Cranes-Electric Overhead Travelling

In a sophisticated production system, as adopted now a days in the developed countries, there may be complete automation in handling system employing robotics or AGV (Automated Guided Vehicles).

01-automated guided vehicles-AGV

It is necessary in the sense that every production process requires one or the other type of material handling arrangement. But a material handling system does not add to the value of the raw material or finished goods, yet simply increase the cost of production. So while selecting a material handling equipment or arrangement, critically analyze whether the selected equipment or arrangement will yield optimum productivity.

Essential Of Good Material Handling System:

  • Efficient and safe movement of materials to the desired place.
  • Timely movement of the materials when needed.
  • Supply of materials at the desired rate.
  • Storing of materials utilizing minimum space.
  • Lowest cost solution to the materials handling activities.

01-automatic conveyor system-material handling system-material handling equipments

Advantages Of Material Handling System:

  • Improve efficiency of a production system by ensuring the right quantity of materials delivered at the right place at the right time most economically.
  • Cut down indirect labor cost.
  • Reduce damage of materials during storage and movement.
  • Maximize space utilization by proper storage of materials and thereby reduce storage and handling cost.
  • Minimize accident during materials handling.
  • Reduce overall cost by improving materials handling.
  • Improve customer services by supplying materials in a manner convenient for handlings.
  • Increase efficiency and saleability of plant and equipment with integral materials handling features.

Disadvantages Of Material Handling System:

  • Additional capital cost involved in any materials handling system.
  • Once a materials handling system get implemented, flexibility for further changes gets greatly reduced.
  • With an integrated materials handling system installed, failure/stoppage in any portion of it leads to increased downtime of the production system.
  • Materials handling system needs maintenance, hence any addition to materials handling means additional maintenance facilities and costs.

Durability Analysis | Application Of Durability Analysis In Automotive, Aerospace & Wind Turbines


01-altair-NVH software-NVH test result of a car

  • Design more reliable transmissions, drivelines and axles
  • View the whole gearbox as an interacting and flexible system
  • Predict gear, bearing and shaft life-times in the design concept phase
  • Accurately and efficiently compare complex gearbox arrangements or concepts such as AMT, DCT, Hybrid and CVT
  • Reduce gearbox weight by using component strength
  • Minimize noise and vibration by influencing the transmission error
  • Identify the weak points in the whole system under realistic load conditions
  • Consider the impact of manufacturing tolerances in the concept design phase
  • Improve the bearing choice by unique accurate prediction of bearing behavior
  • Interact with dynamic solutions for your full vehicle design
  • Predict the affects of generators/e-engines on the gears and its components in your hybrid system

Wind turbine

01-wind turbine analysis-durability analysis of wings

  • Understand and benchmark operating load and extreme load scenarios
  • Design gearboxes to meet life-time targets
  • View the gearbox as one complete system, without the need for sectioning and sectional boundary conditions
  • Analyze the behavior of complex planetary systems within the whole system
  • Accurately predict loads, deflections and interactions of all components
  • Calculate detailed bearing behavior to identify excessive loads
  • Direct loads or reduce misalignments to improve the system quality
  • Predict load sharing in the fully flexible system instead of assuming load sharing factors
  • Reduce weight and cost without reducing component lifetime
  • Minimize noise pollution caused by transmission error


01-aerospace analysis of wings-frequency analysis

  • Improve reliability for critical parts
  • Reduce gearbox weight
  • Predict bearing behavior under extreme load and climate conditions
  • Optimize gearbox size


01-heavy duty engineering analysis-large gear analysis

  • Design heavy duty transmissions
  • Accurately represent multi-gear mesh situations
  • Optimize gearbox weight without compromising durability
  • Predict system behavior under misuse conditions
  • Compare different lubrication situations
  • Precisely define micro-geometries to avoid edge-loading of teeth under extreme load conditions
  • Consider split-torque system load

Industrial equipment

  • Design for improved reliability in process machinery, material handling, power take offs, speed reducers and production line equipment
  • Improve accuracy of high precision machinery by understanding and predicting system and component deflections
  • Reduce failures in gears and bearings due to precise prediction of misalignments

Consumer and office appliance

01-casting design-optimize weight-wasting material reduction

  • Optimize weight and size of power tools, food processors, washing machines, printers and photocopiers
  • Improve product quality by reducing unwanted deflections
  • Predict changes of working accuracy over a product’s life
  • Design casings that fulfill the requests for look and function simultaneously without wasting material
  • Consider new materials for new or existing product concepts
  • Create technical documentation for certification