Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastics | Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers Use | CFRP Applications

01-carbon fibre composites-low weight-stronger-gorilla-carbon-fibre-iphone-case     

The Composite’s properties are mainly influenced by the choice of fibers. Three types of fibres are Glass fibre, Carbon fibre, Aramid fibre. All fibres have generally higher stress capacity than ordinary steel and are linear elastic until failure. The most important properties that differ between the fibre types are stiffness and tensile strain.

Carbon Fibre Properties:

  • High Modulus of Elasticity 200 – 800 GPa.
  • Tensile Strength 2500 – 6000 MPa.
  • Density 1750 – 1950 Kg / m3.
  • Ultimate Elongation 0.3 – 2.5 %.
  • Carbon fibres do not absorb water.
  • Carbon fibres are resistant to many chemical solutions.
  • Carbon fibres withstand fatigue excellently.
  • Carbon fibres do not show any creep or relaxation.
  • Carbon fibre is electrically conductive.


01-unidirectional - carbon composite - bidirectional carbon composites-graphite metal foams-woven, bonded carbon composites

When the fibre and the matrix are combined into a new material it becomes a composite. The fibres may be placed in one direction in the composites and then the composite is unidirectional. However fibres may also be woven or bonded in many directions and the composite becomes bi or multi directional.

Composite Manufacturing:

01-hand lay up composite manufacturing-composite tooling production-prepreg material-unidirectional woven cloth-wet lay process-cured at room temperature

  • Hand lay up method
  • Pultrusion method
  • Filament winding
  • Moulding

01-pultrusion-carbon composite production methods

Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers (CFRP):

01-carbon fibre reinforced polymers-carbon fibre reinforced plastics-CFRP-CRP-carbon fibre in automobiles

CFRP is sometimes referred to as Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic is similar to fibre glass. Carbon fibre is woven into a textile material and resin such as epoxy resin is applied and allowed to cure. The resulting material that is very strong as it has the best strength to weight ratio of all construction materials. It is an improvement on glass fibre reinforced plastic, although much more expensive.

Carbon Composite (CFRP) Friction Bearings:

01-carbon_composite friction bearings-carbon fibre reinforced polymers-cfrp

Friction bearings commonly use lubricating oil to separate the moving component from the mated non-moving bearing surface. Friction bearing surfaces commonly consist of a material that is softer than the supported component.

These friction bearings provide excellent dry running characteristics and can be used in operation after lubrication system failure making them an ideal solution for use in pumps and construction machinery as well as in mechanical engineering and shipbuilding or in offshore and onshore facilities to reduce maintenance and increase reliability. It can withstand up to 260 degree Celsius.

Graphene | Graphene Technology | Graphene The Material Of The Future | Graphene Review | Graphene Properties | Graphene Production

       01-graphene-a ultra thin material-graphene extraction from graphite-tracing graphene from graphite-graphite_pencil The graphene is a substance which has a single-layer crystal lattice of carbon atoms, which is unusual since it is different from all of the materials of its kind. Several researchers have identified a way of making this substance, which allows them to use it in various fields and especially for the high-speed electronic devices.

01-graphene layer-graphene lattice parameters-graphene growth-Graphene_from_gases_for_new,_bendable_electronics_

Graphene Definition:

Graphene is defined as a one atom thin sheet of carbon atoms arranged in a Hexagonal format or a flat monolayer of carbon atoms that are tightly packed into a 2D honeycomb lattice.

01-graphene hexagonal layer-graphene lattice parameters-graphene growth


In October 2010, two University of Manchester (U.K.) scientists, Andre Geim and Konstantin Novolselov, were awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in physics for their research on graphene. Graphene is a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon whose strength, flexibility, and electrical conductivity have opened up new horizons for high-energy particle physics research and electronic, optical, and energy applications.

01-flexible graphene sheet-with silver electrodes printed on it-touch screen graphene sheets-transparent electrodes-flexible transparent electronics

Graphene properties:

Graphene oxide, a single-atomic-layered material made by reacting graphite powders with strong oxidizing agents, has the ability to easily convert into graphene a low-cost carbon-based transparent and flexible electronics.

Graphene Oxide:

Graphene oxide has been known in the scientific world for more than a century and was largely described as hydrophilic, or attracted to water. These graphene oxide sheets behave like surfactants, the chemicals in soap and shampoo that make stains disperse in water.

01-mechanosynthesis-graphene bonding-graphene scaling-graphene sheet material formation-graphene zipper like bond rearrangement-graphene_into_nanotube

Mechanical Properties:

Young’s Modulus:

01-various material properties-Youngs modulus of different materials-Graphene properties

01-graphene electrical properties-graphene electrical conductivity-1000 times faster than silicon-bendable graphene battery concept-flexible-graphene-battery-concept

1. Graphene sheets stack to form graphite with an interplanar spacing of 0.335 nm, which means that a stack of 3 million sheets would be only one millimeter thick.

2. Graphene is a Zero Gap Semiconductor. So it has a high electron mobility at room temperature. It’s a Superconductor. Electron transfer is 100 times faster then Silicon.

3. Graphene has a record breaking strength of 200 times greater than steel, with a tensile strength of 130GPa.

4. Graphene can be used to create circuits that are almost superconducting, potentially speeding electronic components by as much as 1000 times.

5. Graphene electrodes used in lithium-ion batteries could reduce recharge times from two hours to about 10 minutes.

Graphene Production:

01-chemical vapor deposition techniques-chemical vapour deposition-CVD -graphene production-graphene fabrication-discovery of graphene

Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) are two other potential routes to Graphene growth.


01-graphene applications-graphene touch pad electronics gadgets-touch phones made from graphene-graphene technology-flexiphone

  • New devices like Touch screens, Micro Displays and Monitors
  • Chip Making, Circuit Designs
  • Solar cells
  • Micro Fuel Cells
  • Air Bag Deployment Systems and Gyroscopes in Car Electronic Stability Control
  • Pressure Sensors, Micro Tips & probes