Transportation and Climate Change
Road transport produces about one fifth of the world’s CO2, the main green house gas (GHG) emissions. Even though the emissions decreased by 3.3% in 2012, they are 20.5% higher than the 1990 emissions. Transport is the world’s main sector in which emissions of GHGs continue to increase. Growing nation should change its road transport system to achieve its long-term transformation to a low carbon economy. The projected emissions of air pollution, including road transport emissions from GHG, may be minimized by electric vehicles powered by Renewable Energy Sources (RES). This has been estimated that 15% of CO2 emissions come from light-duty cars which drops each and every year as the automobile manufacturers is trying to meet pollution goals of the European Union ( EU) emission policies.
Carbon Emissions by Transport Type
EU regulation mandates member nations to ensure that the relevant guidelines for customers to select the low fuel consumption cars ought to be offered to all the consumers and also, automobiles have the signs showing the fuel output of a automobile and carbon dioxide emissions.
Trucks and buses account for 25% of public transport Carbon emissions in the European Union and around 6% of overall EU pollution. Despite some efficiency changes in fuel usage in recent years, these emissions continue to rise, mostly because of rising cargo movement. A detailed strategy for lowering CO2 pollution from heavy goods vehicles is already in development in the European Union in order to address these problems.
Transport Greenhouse Gas Emissions
It is necessary to remember that fuel efficiency is a crucial factor in rising transportation-related GHG emissions. The Eu legislation mandates a decrease of up to 10 % by 2020 in the GHG content of automotive fuels.
Zero Emission Transport
Electricity would lead to the accomplishment of the European Union emission mitigation goals in place of oil for automobile propulsion. Various sustainable and carbon-free renewable technologies may generate the sufficient electricity. The performance of the EVs is currently three times greater than the output of internal combustion engines. In fact, they release no exhausts emissions such as CO2, or other toxins such as nitrogen oxides (NOx), Non methane hydrocarbons (NMHC) and particulate matter (PM). In fact, these were quiet and create no vibrations.
Technology optimisation and market trends concentrate on the potential optimisation of EVs. In the technical hand, significant strides are made in terms of battery stability and longevity, decreases battery weight and size, increases battery health and lowers costs. Additional technical issues include the development of hybrid electric powertrains, grid charging and plug in methods.