Refuse derived fuel RDF can be converted into fuels and chemicals through various processes. There are many types of energy that are derived from refuse that is not being used. These processes use heat to change the waste into useful products. This information will explain how refuse is turned into energy and other useful products.
In the developing world, waste often goes unregulated and un-researched. This is especially true for the small industries that create this type of waste, such as textile factories or food production. These industries are not always aware of the impact their actions have on the environment around them; nor do they realize how much money can be saved by using a seemingly worthless resource to generate electricity.
The growth in socioeconomic status over the last 10 years has also resulted in a large increase in solid waste generation. Every day, around 1200 tonnes of municipal solid waste (MSW) are created, with combustibles such as plastics, paper, and textile waste accounting for 28% of the total. In order to minimize reliance on fossil fuels, research was launched to investigate the possibilities of power generation using refuse derived fuels (RDF) from municipal solid waste (MSW).
What is Refuse derived fuel?
Refuse-derived fuel has promising potential for renewable energy production in the UK. The waste-derived fuel is low-cost and possesses a high calorific value. It can be used as a supplemental fuel in conventional boiler systems or as a primary source of energy for a dedicated furnace. Its high-quality, low-carbon fuel is suitable for industrial processes.
The future of RDF energy
There are many challenges involved in developing countries when introducing refuse-derived fuel into the power sector. One of the most important challenges is the lack of investment funding. A lack of proper municipal solid waste management and government policies are a major deterrent for its development. Public awareness is also a challenge. Nevertheless, these issues are easily solvable through a combination of government and private sector efforts.
Is it safe to use?
This waste-derived fuel has a calorific value of 18 MJ/kg, which is comparable to that of near-depleted fossil fuel. Another important advantage of this waste-derived fuel is that it is clean and affordable, a common challenge in developing countries. It is also aligned with the seventh sustainable development goal, which calls for clean and affordable energy.
While the United Arab Emirates and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia have made significant strides in the use of refuse-derived fuel, they are still far behind the United States. The government of the UAE has partnered with a local company to develop a first-of-its-kind production facility. By the end of 2020, the plant will transform 80% of municipal solid waste into refuse-derived fuel, which can be used in cement plants and other industrial applications.
How does it work?
The process of converting waste into electricity is a valuable way to reduce waste. By recycling refuse-derived fuel, the carbon-rich materials used in municipal solid waste (MSW) are converted into steam and used to generate electricity. MSW is a mix of wood, plastic, paper, and yard waste. Using this type of power source, the waste-derived fuel can replace 5% of coal in electricity generation.
The amount of power generation from refuse derived fuel
The process of using MSW in electric power generation uses MSW as fuel. The process of burning MSW reduces the volume of waste in landfills by 87%. The system of using MSW to generate electricity is a cost-effective way to eliminate the need for landfills. The fuel is low-cost, and it is environmentally friendly. Technology has the potential to meet the growing energy needs of the world.
When this type of energy is generated?
In 1975, a resource recovery plant converted municipal solid waste into refuse-derived fuel and used it as a feedstock in local power plants. Since then, research on the use of refuse-derived fuel has continued to gain momentum. Chiemchaisri and Dalai (1999) conducted a gasification process using a combination of coal and steam as the gasifying agent. The researchers studied the selectivity of the produced syngas, which were then sold as a renewable alternative fuel.
Increasing demand for renewable energy resources is driving the development of refuse-derived fuel in the UK and around the world. There are currently several companies working on this process. The majority of these companies focus on pilot-scale technologies that require a minimum investment. Nonetheless, despite the benefits of this renewable energy source, there are still challenges associated with it. For example, co-gasification requires a considerable amount of space and requires a high degree of coordination between biomass and gasification.
Refuse-derived fuel is a renewable energy source that can be produced from municipal solid waste. The resulting fuel is often a more environmentally-friendly alternative than conventional fuels. Furthermore, compared to fossil fuels, these sources have a lower carbon footprint. However, this fuel is not a good substitute for coal. Therefore, waste-derived fuel has a high potential for use in electricity production.
Benefits of refuse derived fuel
The use of refuse-derived fuel is a viable alternative to coal. Refuse-derived fuel has excellent combustion characteristics. Its chemical make-up is similar to that of coal. The waste is biochar-based, which makes it a good alternative for co-gasification. Refuse-derived fuel is an environmentally-friendly renewable energy source for electricity.