Single Spindle Automatic Lathe
A single spindle automatic lathe is a modified form of a turret lathe. These machines have an addition to a 6-station turret, a maximum of 4 cross slides. These cross slides are operated by disc cams. The cams are mounted on a shaft that draws the power from the main spindle through a set of gears called cyclic time change gears. Turret operation is also synchronized with the cross slide operation and is driven by another cam called the main cam.
The tools used on the cross slides are usually formed tools and are plunged into the workpiece at the desired feed rate. The tools used in the turret may be turning tools, drilling tools, etc. It is general to use more than one tool on a turret station. External threading is usually carried out by a thread chasing attachment. Internal threads are made using taps.
It can be performed in an automatic lathe with the help of special attachments. This is one of the owing features of the automatic lathe. The reduction in the number of setups and total machining time enables the parts to be produced at an economical cost in an automatic lathe. For their application to manufacturing screws at low cost, these are called screw-cutting machines.
The lathe has a geared headstock. The headstock has one slow speed and one fast speed. The spindle speed is changed with the help of the trip dogs provided on the drum.
At the end of the bed, a square turret is mounted. The travel of the turret slide is achieved by the adjustable cam drum. The turret is indexed to the next at the end of each stroke.
Two cross slides are situated between the headstock and the turret. One cross slide is at the front and the other at the rear side. The cross slide has self-governing movements. The movement of the cross slide is independently organized by cam. Overlapping of operations by the tool in the turret and the tools in the cross slide can be done. The correct feed for each machining operation can be automatically selected by the feed selector pins on the drum.
What is an Automatic Lathe? and what are the types of Automatic Lathes?
An automatic lathe is a machine that cuts wood, metal, plastic, etc. into any shape or size. There are many different types of automatic lathes out there, each designed for specific purposes. Here we’ll discuss what makes them unique and how they work.
Types of Automatic lathes are:
- Automatic Turret Lathe
- Scroll Saw Automatic Lathe
- Hybrid Automatic Lathe
- Band Saw
The first type of automatic lathe is called a turret lathe. A turret lathe consists of a rotating headstock, which holds the piece being cut, and a tailstock, which supports the cutting tool. Turret lathes are often used to make small parts.
The second type of automatic lathe called a scroll saw, is similar to a turret lathe, except that instead of having two separate pieces, the headstock, and tailstock, it has only one piece, called the bedplate. Instead of using a single cutting tool, a scroll saw uses a series of blades attached to a revolving shaft. As the shaft rotates, the blades move across the material, cutting it into shapes. Scroll saws are great for making larger items, such as furniture.
The third type of automatic lathe uses a combination of both turret and scroll saw technology. These machines have a rotating headstock and a stationary tailstock. The headstock holds the piece being cut while the tailstock supports the cutting tool. The headstock and tailstock rotate at the same speed, allowing the cutting tool to move back and forth over the material. This type of lathe is commonly used to make smaller parts.
Finally, there is a fourth type of automatic lathe called a band saw. Band saws use a circular blade that spins around a central axis. The blade moves along the length of the material, cutting it down. Band saws are useful for cutting materials like plywood or sheet metal.
How does an automatic lathe work?
An automatic lathe consists of three major parts: the motor, the spindle, and the tool head. The motor is responsible for turning the spindle. The spindle holds the cutting tool (or tools) and rotates them at high speeds. The tool head contains the cutting tool(s). It is attached to the end of the spindle and moves along with it.
When the motor turns the spindle, the tool head follows. As the tool head travels around the circumference of the spindle, it cuts away material from the workpiece. The speed of rotation determines how fast the tool head travels around its axis. Higher speeds produce finer cuts.
A lathe may have several different types of cutting tools. Each type of tool is designed to cut specific materials. Lathes are commonly used for metalworking operations, including shaping sheet metal, drilling holes, and making grooves. Automatic lathes are often used to make small parts. Smaller parts require less time to complete than larger ones. Lathes are also used to create decorative designs on wood, plastic, and fiberglass products.
Most lathes use a single-spindle design. Single-spindle lathes have only one spindle. Double-spindle lathes use two spindles. These lathes allow the operator to change between two different cutting tools while still using the same machine.
There are many different types of lathes. Some are manual, some electric, and others hydraulic. Hydraulic lathes use pressurized water to power the spindle. Electric lathes use electricity to power the spindle and tool head.
Working Principle of Single Spindle Automatic Lathe
The bar stock is held in the rotating spindle by a collet chuck. Headstock slides along the bed ways with the rotating bar stock.
This headstock movement gives longitudinal feed to the work. All the tools in the tool slides take material from the workpiece at the same time. Tool in the feed base mounting may also do operations like drilling. The headstock slides back to the original position after the machining process. One revolution of the camshaft manufactures one component.
Most of the turning and forming operations are done by the tools held on the front and rear tool slides. The vertical tool slides are mainly used for undercutting, chamfering, knurling, and cutting off.
Advantages of Single Spindle Automatic Lathe
- It is used to manufacture precision turning of small parts.
- It has many tool slides.
- A wide range of speeds is available.
- It is rigid in construction.
- A simple design of a cam is enough.
- Many working stations are available.
- Micrometer tool setting is possible.
The Automatic Turret Lathe Industry is changing fast
In recent years, lathes have been experiencing a surge in popularity due to their versatility and ease of use. In addition to being used for woodworking, they are now being used for metal working, plastic working, and even jewelry making. There are many different types of lathes out there, but the automatic turret lathe is becoming increasingly popular. These machines are designed to make parts automatically without any human intervention.
What is an automatic turret lathe?
An automatic turret lathe is a type of machine tool that uses a rotating head to perform various tasks. The head rotates at high speeds and is equipped with tools that cut, drill, grind, polish, and sand materials. The head is attached to a spindle that moves along a linear axis. The spindle is connected to a motor that spins the head. The head is then moved back and forth along the spindle axis using a cam system. The cam system consists of a cam plate and cam followers. The cam followers move along the cam surface and push the head back and forth.
How does an automatic turret lathe work?
When the head is rotated, the material is fed into the cutting area where the tools are located. As the head moves forward, the material is cut off and removed. When the head reaches its end position, the material is ejected out of the machine. The head is then returned to its starting point and the cycle begins again. An automatic turret lathe is extremely versatile and can be used for a wide variety of applications.
Benefits of an automatic turret lathe
There are several advantages to owning an automatic turret lathe. One advantage is that it saves time. Since the head never stops moving, it can produce parts much faster than traditional manual methods. Another benefit is that it produces consistent results. Since the head always starts and ends at the same place, the quality of the product is guaranteed. An additional benefit is that it is easier to operate. The operator only needs to load the material and press the start button. Once the job is complete, the operator simply presses the stop button.
Types of automatic turret lathes
There are two basic types of automatic turret lathes. The first type is the single-head automatic turret lathe. This type of machine has a single head that performs multiple operations. The second type is the dual-head automatic turret lathes. This type of machine contains two heads that perform separate operations. Both types of machines are capable of producing parts of varying sizes.
Applications of automatic turret lathes
Automatic turret lathes are great for production line manufacturing. They are ideal for small businesses that need to produce a lot of products. They are also useful for hobbyists who want to create unique pieces.
If you are looking for a versatile machine that can save you time and money, an automatic turret lathe could be just what you are looking for.
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