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Sintering in Powder Metallurgy | Green Compact | Diffusing

What is sintering in powder metallurgy process?

The operation of heating the green compact at high temperature in a controlled atmosphere (Reducing atmosphere which protects oxidation of metal powders). The Sintering increases the bond between the particles and therefore strengthens a powder metal compact. Sintering temperature and time of sintering depends on the type of powders and the strength required in a final product. The Sintering temperatures usually 0.6 to 0.8 times the melting point of powders.


Type of powder                       Sintering Temperature            Time

Aluminium & Alloys                370 – 520 C                                  24 hrs

Copper, Brass, Bronze             700 – 900 C                                  30 Mins

Iron                                            1025 – 1200 C                              30 Mins

Stainless Steel                           1180 C                                       20 – 40 Mins

Tungsten Carbide                     1480 C                                      20 – 40 Mins


Spark Plasma Sintering Mechanisms:



The process of simultaneous pressing & Sintering of metal powders by high energy electric spark. This spark is discharged from capacitor bank & removes the surface contaminants from powder particles. This cause the particles to form a solid cohesive mass. Immediately after spark, the current is continued for about 10 Seconds, with high temperature which further strengthens the bond used for sintering Aluminium, Copper, Iron and Stainless Steel.



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