Dyson-Electric-Car-Solid-State-Lithium-Ion-Battery-Dyson-Digital-Hyperdymium-motor

Dyson Electric Car | Solid-State Lithium Ion Battery | Dyson Digital Hyperdymium motor

Dyson Electric Car Concept Main Innovations

The key developments in Dyson Electric cars are their batteries and its digital Hyperdymium brushless motors. Such techs are described in depth in the following articles. Sir James Dyson, Britain’s wealthiest man, invested £ 500 million on building the electric car to competitor Tesla’s electric vehicle. Dyson plans to apply the technical knowledge to the world in their electric cars.

The patent applications first disclosed the concept diagrams of the Dyson EV’s, showing a mono box hatchback with some off-road capability suggestion. This has also been confirmed by the patent filings as a seven-seater car with a three-row seat. Big diameter wheels have been pulled to the corners of the frame to make the car completely functional and better on rough surface.  Please note that the Tesla Model X also provides 7 seat vehicle with higher speeds, but the Dyson electric car prototype claims 600 miles range.

Dyson-Electric-Car-Solid-State-Lithium-Ion-Battery-Dyson-Digital-Hyperdymium-motor

Dyson Electric Cars-Solid-State-Lithium-Ion-Battery-Dyson-Digital-Hyperdymium-motor

 

1) Solid-state lithium ion battery in Dyson Electric Cars

Throughout the usage of lithium-ion technology a thin film of non-inflammable material replaced the pressurized liquid electrolyte, work as a separator, holding positive and negative electrode interaction components, and as an electrolyte, allowing for the movement of ions.

The battery design must have been flexible so that Dyson Electric Cars could market the vehicle at varying premium costs with various target ranges and a variety of battery sizes.

DYSON-SOLID-STATE-BATTERY-dyson-battery-technology

DYSON-SOLID-STATE-BATTERY-dyson-battery-technology

 

The company’s explanation of battery development is therefore most important. Dyson claims that the aluminium battery housing would not only make it easier to suit multiple battery sizes, but would also require ‘cell solutions’ without any big re-engineering modifications. This clearly indicates that the Dyson Electric Cars architecture – initially developed to sustain a lithium ion battery pack – will also be suitable with solid state batteries when it becomes cost-effective for future use in cars.

Solid state Lithium ion batteries – Safer than previous types of liquid electrolyte batteries

The batteries of lithium ion, usually operate at 35 ° C; expect complicated cooling, which is difficult for EVs, and fire has occurred both in the batteries of Tesla and GM. The batteries will never be completely charged or removed to prolong their operating life. But these problems do not affect solid-state batteries.

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lithium-ion-battery-electric-vehicles-battery-pack

 

A lot of research work was performed by Dyson team. The battery pack was designed in an attempt to reduce weight and then become part of the integrated structure. A Dyson Powertrain (usually the combinations of an electric motor, electrical inverter, single-speed transmission systems) energy was supplied by the innovative battery packs, and the entire power train was future-proofed by Dyson. The aluminium case of the battery pack would fit into several sizes and cell types to insure that any battery improvement can be rapidly executed.

2) Dyson’s digital electric motors

Dyson’s ‘switched reluctance’ digital motors are endowed with outstanding containers and superior mechanical design. They have great cooling techniques and better thermal efficiency – which is essential – whereas aerodynamically efficient, smooth and quiet rotors reduce losses.

dyson-electric-brushless-motor-dyson-digital-motor

dyson-electric-brushless-motor-dyson-digital-motor

 

A single speed transmission and a single power inverter will be the power pack of the SUV in a Dyson – built electric motor. Each is fitted to a four-wheel (4WD) vehicle on each axle.

There is not much clearance space for Dyson ‘s digital brushless motors already, it’s 90 + % powerful. In addition to the losses caused by electric fields in the rotor, it may face inertia and thermal challenges. Such losses are minimized with the usage of a variety of series lamination’s. Dyson wanted to market the car around the world and, unusually, China was at the top of the launching list. This may not be that shocking in view of China ‘s fantastic rise in one of the world’s biggest automotive markets.


 

  • 01 dyson electric brushless motor dyson digital motor dyson brushless motor Battery Technology Dyson Electric car
  • 01 lithium ion battery electric vehicles battery pack dyson brushless motor Battery Technology Dyson Electric car
  • 01 DYSON SOLID STATE BATTERY dyson battery technology 1 dyson brushless motor Battery Technology Dyson Electric car
  • 01 Dyson Electric Car Solid State Lithium Ion Battery Dyson Digital Hyperdymium motor dyson brushless motor Battery Technology Dyson Electric car
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Dyson Sakti3 | Dyson Solid State Battery | Dyson Electric Car Battery

Dyson Sakti3 Solid State Li-ion Battery

The code nicknamed “N526” had a reported driving range of approximately 965 km on a single charge utilizing Dysons patented solid-state battery technology in their Dyson Sakti3 Battery technology model. In contrast, Tesla, the American leader for Powertrain cars, can travel up to 580 km with a single charge in a 7 – seater Model X Long Range.

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dyson-sakti3-solid-state-batteries-for-electric-cars

 

Dyson Sakti3 Solid State Battery

Thanks to its combined invention Dyson Sakti3, solid-state Battery and $90 m (£69 m) purchase of the battery firm Sakti3, the Dyson car would have double the energy density and range of today’s EVs. The initiative by Professor Ann Marie Sastry from the University of Michigan makes the claim that lithium-ion batteries delivering over 400Wh / kg of energy density have been acquired in solid states. As reported in scientific journal, this prototype model delivers a 1143 Wh/l volumetric energy density in their Sakti3 models. Multiple deposition technology is adopted to produce this inventions in large quantities. 

DYSON-SOLID-STATE-BATTERY-dyson-battery-technology

DYSON-SOLID-STATE-BATTERY-dyson-battery-technology

 

Tesla Solid State Battery

It’s almost doubles the power of the Panasonic cells of Tesla, which are projected to be the world leader at around 240 Wh / kg. They essentially double the range of EVs while hopefully lowering the cost to $100 (£69) per kilowatt-hour. The point of reference at which EVs begin to bid for petroleum /diesel-driven cars on costs.

tesla-solid-state-battery

tesla-solid-state-battery

 

Problems were that since the invention of solid state lithium – ion batteries, the battery history filled with full of remarkable disasters, like failed Canadian company Avestor, which went bankrupt, after the solid-state lithium-ion batteries development, it sold to AT&T, where the batteries started to burst within U-Verse home entertainment sets. Therefore Sastry and Sakti3 (Sakti is Sanskrit for ‘power,’ whereas ‘three’ is lithium’s periodic number) think that they have to cracked it, whilst others are struggling to grow.

Dyson Battery – Solid State Batteries for Electric Cars

Lithium-ion battery systems are normally filled with gels or liquids which cannot store electricity, and it was the hope of Sastry that a ‘solid’ conducting substance was found that was sufficiently diffused to enable lithium-ions to move through the cathode, when discharge and charge the battery.

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solid-lithium-battery-dyson-electric-car-solid-state-battery

 

Sastry and her colleagues had therefore written simulation software a decade ago to categorize lithium combinations of materials and structures, leading to high-energy batteries that are affordable for mass production. If they are developed the batteries with hugely expensive to produce, they do not use this best energy density or the greatest number of cycles as a breakthrough.

The team of Sastry adapted second-hand equipment for printing, foil crisp packets while installing the micro-thin layers of the batteries. In reality the same tested, in thin-film deposition method used in flat photovoltaic displays and solar cells lie micro-thin cathode films followed by the current collector, then the anode of the interlayer and so forth, all under vacuum. If the resulting cells are formed, they will be charged and tested. The major task is to extend the development of batteries from laboratory research to mass manufacturing.


 

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  • 01 DYSON SOLID STATE BATTERY dyson battery technology dyson battery Battery Technology Dyson Sakti3
  • Dyson - sakti3-solid-state-batteries-for-electric-cars
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Solid State Battery | Solid State Electrolyte | Thin Film Batteries

Solid state battery

You should definitely have a lithium-ion battery in your phone or camera that is compact, charges faster and rechargeable. These are solid lithium electrodes mounted in a liquid electrolyte. Solid state batteries dampen liquid electrolyte, with a rigid conducting substance, for example polymer or ceramics. These batteries would charge faster and last longer in a smaller pack and would not be fired under pressure. A Non flame-retardant variant solid state batteries allows car manufacturers to avoid creating cooling systems and provide space for a bigger batteries.

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solid-state-battery-technology-solid-state-electrolyte-glass-electrolyte-air-electrolyte

 

Solid state battery would potentially last longer not only in terms of capacity, but also in terms of charge life cycles. Each time you charge and discharge your smartphones, mobile battery life goes down. Peoples willingly replace smartphones after two years owing to battery lifespan, but cars must survive a bit longer than gadgets due to cost potentials.

The battery work has increasingly grown after the lithium-ion technology was launched in 1991. World-wide experts still work on a technological advance that would allow cheap batteries, battery run transportation and electricity generation. Yet top analysts claim they ‘re far from inventing the fantasies of super battery.

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sakti3-dyson-dyson-sakti3-solid-state-lithium-ion-battery

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solid-state-battery-technology-solid-state-battery-cells

 

Thus, the scientific hunt proceeded for the ‘super battery.’ Labs and companies all over the world invest billions in discovering the next battery advancements, the innovation that would render batteries simpler, lighter, efficient and dramatically cheaper batteries. John Goodenough at the University of Texas in Austin pioneered utilizing glass electrolytes in place of solvents successfully and became popular in the battery field. Since he invented lithium-ion batteries in Oxford in the 1980s. The 93-year-old scientist who dedicated his life to developing the battery in a better way.

Thin Film Batteries

 

 

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thin-film-batteries-solid-state-lithium-battery

Solid State Electrolyte

A solid state substance that works well enough to do the job was not easy to track. Swiss laboratory EMPA progressed in the usage of amide-borohydride and MIT proposed sulphide-based solids and other researchers also concentrated on using air as a compound instead of solids. Glass is also an alternative.

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Dyson Car Patent | Dyson EV Patent

Dyson Car Patent

“All done, see you! Internal combustion engines, cherish electric vehicles” – This is the mantra of automobile makers, all of whom commit to switch towards emission-free vehicles, whereas the policymakers have tossed forth several proposals in the span of three decades to ban gasoline and diesel engines.

Thank goodness, Dyson electric car has approached to agonistically announce his discovery. The group that upgraded the vacuum cleaners & hand dryers in the end, eventually created a drivable version of their futuristic electric vehicle, built to counter Tesla’s and BMW’s – an extraordinary breakthrough because just months ago some tests of their cars were just serious, with designs being carried out in the cad modelling program for machine support and the testing of motor and batteries were underway.

dyson-ev-logo-dyson-electric-car

dyson-ev-logo-dyson-electric-car

 

Dyson Car  Patent in Electric Vehicle’s (EV’s)

In the beginning of 2019, following the company’s awarded patents, the first descriptions of Dyson’s electric came into existence. Obviously, the patents do not reveal the reality of our car, but offer a snapshot into the imaginative moves we are thinking about. They propose ways to differentiate this vehicle from the current configuration and show the car constructed from the bottom up taking the versatility, taking into consideration the range and performance of the dyson ev.

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dyson-car-patent-dyson-ev-patent

 

The patent profile sketches showed, the dyson electric car that appeared to combine SUV and sedan form – raising the cabin space up (probably allowing battery installation to be mounted in the floor), whereas maintaining the roofline and centre of gravity reasonably low – something that was evident in the full-size clay model. As a result, the seats seemed to be much more reclined than other traditional SUVs might have seen.

Dyson EV Patent

The patent documents demonstrated it just by stating that: “The ground clearance of the vehicle in the illustrated embodiment is about 300mm, which is comparatively high as compared to saloon or sedan-like vehicles, although the front row of passengers are supported within the vehicle in a more low-down, sedan-like seating posture”. And it adds, “The driver has a reclined seating position typical of a saloon or sedan vehicle.”

dyson-patent-dyson-patent-car

dyson-patent-dyson-patent-car

 

The Dyson brand recommended that the vehicle would handle particularly a long wheelbase – from 3,200 mm to 3,350 mm. In comparison to the huge battery pack under the cab, this would have increased ride comfort. Patent claimed that the illustration of the automobile height should range between 1600 to 1800 mm and that its length should not larger than 5100 mm or “preferably between 4700 mm and 5000 mm,” respectively.

At best, these numbers showed that the height of the car was about the same as a Range Rover Sport, but that it’s length could be more than the full fat Range Rover (FFRR) (I.e. bigger version of Range Rover car). A vehicle’s width “may not exceed 1975 mm,” making it broader than a Velar but narrower than a Range Rover Sport.

Dyson EV

However, the clearance of Dyson ‘s electric car should have been higher than the large Range Rover’s, and also greater than those of that of Rolls-Royce Cullinan ‘s planned wheelbases. Dyson ‘s patent records also indicate that a 24-inch car used wheels of a 45 to 55 % outer diameter of the overall vehicle height.

Although other features of the automobile would increase the overall range and efficiency of the electric car by aerodynamic windshield and bigger wheels to reduce the road friction relative to the competition, the isolation of the battery from the rival cars would become more limiting.


 

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Transportation and Climate Change | Carbon Emissions by Transport Type

Carbon Emissions in Transportation and Climate Change

Road transport produces about one fifth of the world’s CO2, the main greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions an automobile and carbon dioxide emissions by Transport, Type. Even though the emissions decreased by 3.3% in 2012, they are 20.5% higher than the 1990 emissions. Transport is the world’s main sector in which emissions of GHGs continue to increase. Growing nation should change its road transport system to achieve its long-term transformation to a low carbon economy. The projected emissions of air pollution, including road transport emissions of GHG, may be minimized by electric vehicles powered by Renewable Energy Sources (RES). This has been estimated that 15% of CO2 Emissions come from light-duty cars which drops each and every year as the automobile manufacturers is trying to meet pollution goals of the European Union (EU) emission policies.

transportation-and-climate-change-Carbon-Emissions-by-Transport-Type

transportation-and-climate-change-Carbon-Emissions-by-Transport-Type

 

Carbon Emissions by Transport Type

The EU regulation mandates member nations to ensure that the relevant guidelines in carbon emissions for customers to select the low fuel consumption cars ought to be offered to all the consumers and also, automobiles have the signs showing the fuel output of a automobile and carbon dioxide emissions.

 

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carbon-emissions-by-transport-type-transport-greenhouse-gas-emissions

Trucks and buses account for 25% of public transport Carbon emissions in the European Union and around 6% of overall EU pollution. Despite some efficiency changes in fuel usage in recent years, these carbon emissions continue to rise, mostly because of rising cargo movement. A detailed strategy for lowering CO2 Pollution from heavy goods vehicles is already in development in the European Union in order to address these problems.

Transport Greenhouse Gas Emissions

It is necessary to remember that fuel efficiency is a crucial factor in rising transportation-related GHG emissions. The EU legislation mandates a decrease of up to 10 % by 2020 in the GHG content of automotive fuels.

Zero Emission Transport

Electricity would lead to the accomplishment of the European Union emission mitigation goals in place of oil for automotive propulsion no exhaust emissions such as CO. Various sustainable and carbon-free renewable technologies may generate the sufficient electricity. The performance of the EVs is currently three times greater than the output of internal combustion engines. In fact, they release no exhausts emissions such as CO2, or other toxins such as nitrogen oxides (NOx), Non methane hydrocarbons (NMHC) and particulate matter (PM). In fact, these were quiet and create no vibrations.

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ZERO-EMISSION-TRANSPORT-transportation-and-global-warming

 

Technology optimization and market trends concentrate on the potential optimization of EVs. On the technical hand, significant strides are made in terms of battery stability and longevity, decreases battery weight and size, increases battery health and lowers costs. Additional technical issues include the development of hybrid electric powertrains, grid charging and plug in methods.

 

Dyson Electric Car | Solid-State Lithium Ion Battery | Dyson Digital Hyperdymium motor
The key developments of Dyson Electric cars are their batteries and its …
Dyson Sakti3 | Dyson Solid State Battery | Dyson Electric Car Battery
Dyson Sakti3 Solid State Li-ion Battery | The code nicknamed "N526" had …
Solid State Battery | Solid State Electrolyte | Thin Film Batteries
Solid state battery You should definitely have a lithium-ion battery in your …
Dyson Car Patent | Dyson EV Patent
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3D Printing in Electronics Industry | Modern Quantum Dot Display | New Bionic Ear | CUBESAT 3D Printing
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NASA Additive Manufacturing | 3D Printing Aerospace | Aurora Flight Sciences
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3D Printing in Healthcare Emerging Applications | Novel Organ Printing
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electric-vehicles-sustainability-carbon-foot-prints-of-electric-cars-vs-gasoline

Electric Car and Pollution | Carbon Footprint of Electric Cars vs Gasoline

This post addresses the topic of Electric car and Pollution, Carbon Footprint of Electric Cars v’s Gasoline, Low Emission Development Strategies, as well as the Electric Vehicles are good for the environment. Electric motor vehicles are admired, due to no harmed emissions on the path, as an economically sustainable option to fuel driven cars.

electric-vehicles-sustainability-carbon-foot-prints-of-electric-cars-vs-gasoline

electric-vehicles-sustainability-carbon-foot-prints-of-electric-cars-vs-gasoline

 

Electric Car and Pollution

The transport sector is the principal source, since almost one fourth of all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are emitted in European cities. Emissions have been lowered since 2007, but are nevertheless higher than in 1990. Road transport, in fact, was deemed responsible for more than 70% of the transport GHG pollution in 2014 (where civil aircraft account for 13.1%, ship traffic is 13%, railway traffic is 0.6%, road traffic is 72.8% and the other means of services are 0.5%).

low-emission-development-strategies-carbon-footprint-of-electric-cars-vs-gasoline

low-emission-development-strategies-carbon-footprint-of-electric-cars-vs-gasoline

 

Carbon Footprint of Electric Cars vs Gasoline

The initiatives to be undertaken for the purification of air are:

  • Employ modern technology, introduce competitive rates and promote a push to reduce transport pollution to improve transport network efficiency;
  • Encourage and expedite the radical transition to internal combustion engines and sustainable transport power sources with reduced pollution requirements by use green energies like hydrogen, advanced biofuels and synthetic renewable fuels and electricity;
  • Conversion to reduced- to zero-emission cars will be encouraged.
carbon-footprint-of-electric-cars-vs-gasoline-electric-car-and-pollution

carbon-footprint-of-electric-cars-vs-gasoline-electric-car-and-pollution

 

Low Emission Development Strategies

Continuous funding from local governments is a crucial determinant to the effectiveness of such policies. Such jurisdictions will offer incentives to citizens to use low-emission cars focused on the usage of renewable sources of electricity. We could also encourage the use of other transport methods, such as biking and walking, public transportation and arrangements to share / pool cars, that reduce pollutants effectively.

Are Electric Vehicles Good for the Environment?

Over the last ten years, electric vehicles (EVs), largely as a consequence of their small emissions of flue gas and a reduced dependence on gasoline, have been common. In 2022, EVs are expected to reach about 35 million worldwide. A big issue with EVs, though, is that their strong usage raises the power system division and transformer shortage and competition for heavy energy. The incorporation of local energy generation including RESs in an EV charging system is an successful solution to the effects.

Fossil fuels produce 60% of the worldwide electricity

On average, 60 % of the world’s power comes out from coal and gas, that is to say, from fossil fuels. I.e., a car emits almost as much CO2 as a petrol or diesel car per kilo metre.

The vehicle emissions are classified broadly in two types:

  1. direct and
  2. life cycles.
Direct emissions:

Direct emissions are released through the car’s exhaust, via the fuel system’s evaporation during the fueling process. Direct emissions include smog-forming emissions (such as nitrogen oxides, other human health-destroying contaminants) and greenhouse gases, predominantly CO2. The generation of zero direct emissions in electric vehicles is especially helpful in improving quality of the air. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles which also have an electric motor and a gasoline engine, emit fuel-system evaporation emissions.

Life cycle Emissions:

The emissions from the life cycle included all emissions related to the manufacture, refining, distribution, use and recovery / deposition of fuel. For example, emissions are produced by the mining of petroleum, refining to gasoline and distributing to stations and burning in vehicle, for a traditional gasoline vehicle. As direct emissions, a number of harmful contaminants and Green House Gases are part of the life-cycle emissions.

All vehicles generate large emissions from the life cycle and are difficult to quantify. However, the generation of energy is usually less than traditional vehicles since the bulk of energy emissions are lower than combustion of petrol or diesel.


 

recycle-failed-3d-prints-to-pla-filament-is-pla-plastic-recyclable-pla-grinder

Quality Recycled PET Filament | Clean Recycle Failed 3D Prints | Recycle PLA advantages

Recycled Failed PLA and PET 3D Prints into PLA & PET Filament

The excess or recycle PLA – filament or failed 3D printed plastic may be turned into useful Recycle PLA filament or Recycled PET filament using a recycling spooler device. The machine grinds and melts the polymer. Hence it is extruded and coiled over a spool. Most devices are either grinding or melting, which ensures you can need two machines.

recycle-failed-3d-prints-to-pla-filament-is-pla-plastic-recyclable-pla-grinder

recycle-failed-3d-prints-to-pla-filament-is-pla-plastic-recyclable-pla-grinder

 

Transform the 3D print waste into filament or a polymer would break down the failed 3D prints into smaller parts. Here the filaments melt them away, and drive the liquid plastic into the gap. The heated plastic is then cooled off and coiled it onto the reel.

Some tricks for using a 3D printer filament recycling facility made of recycled plastic:

  • Do not blend various forms of filaments. It may contribute to undesired printing outcomes.
  • Ensure whether the filament or a polymer is clean and isolated. For e.g. If you use material that has the same chemical formula, it is extremely probable that you will receive better performance.

Recycled PET Filament 3D Printing

Unsurprisingly, the volume of plastic contamination in the world is worrying, regardless despite its usefulness and flexibility. Plastics have invaded our economy and it make up for at least 10% of our solid wastes. Plastics are the extreme engineered marvel which is a robust and endure severe environmental conditions. Consequently, the volume of plastic waste is only projected to rise in the future. At current, 91 percent of plastic is not being processed. The harmful effect of plastics in our environment is well understood and is being utilized by researchers as a commodity market and investment. Considerable efforts are being made to recycle and reuse plastic waste.

The University of New South Wales’ team is focused on transforming plastic waste into functional polymers, like 3D printing polymers. The agency “Reflow” extracts polyethylene terephthalate (on the environment PET) waste bottles and transforms them into filaments appropriate for 3D FDM printers.

The retailer in Belgium, “Yuma”, uses recyclable materials for the 3D printing of sunglasses. Research Centre of the U.S. Army and the U.S. Marine Corps were working together to recycle plastic waste by printing recycled plastic items that are useful to soldiers.

This method lowers transport costs and enables the manufacture of components on demand. This big initiative is anticipated to have a significant effect on both the atmosphere and the societies by turning 3D filament printing into revenue for waste collectors and eliminating pollution from water supplies.

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recycle-failed-3d-prints-recycle-pla-3d-printer-recycled-plastic

 

Recycle PLA (Polylactic acid) 3D Prints

However, analysts suggest PLA seems far from becoming a long term solution in the environment to cope with plastic pollution. Secondly, it goes very slowly over time, but it does biodegradable. Analysts say that a PLA container will be kept in a waste dump for 100 to 1,000 years.

PLA are not biodegradable, because they are just as sluggish to break down as traditional plastics under normal circumstances. However, seeing as PLA is an acid, the acidity of its surroundings should increase as it composes.

pla-grinder-recycle-pla

pla-grinder-recycle-pla

 

3D-Printing-in-Electronics-Industry-pcb-3d-printer

3D Printing in Electronics Industry | Modern Quantum Dot Display | New Bionic Ear | CUBESAT 3D Printing

3D Printing in Electronics Industry

3D-Printing-in-Electronics-Industry-pcb-3d-printer

3D-Printing-in-Electronics-Industry-pcb-3d-printer

 

The exact techniques are much easier to accelerate innovation. Additive manufacturing has already been revolutionising different industries from the automotive industry to the healthcare sector, will the electronic industry be influenced by this technology? Here we can see the versatility and speed required by 3D printing when creating new hardware and electronic devices. Begin to understand the advantages of electronic 3D printing!

In order to achieve miniaturization, low energy consumption and intelligent performance, the electronic devices require suitable mechanical, geometric and optical functions. Thanks to increasingly evolving technologies, the development of designs and completed goods has to shift. Throughout the manufacture of electrical instruments, the traditional approach is to mask and etch sacrificial products using subtractive techniques. Additive Manufacturing decreases waste materials, electricity usage, time and phases of production. 3D printing is used to bypass electronic system mounting and assembly phases.

The additive manufacturing method deposits material in a layer by layer regulated process which allows the complex geometries and dimension to be manufactured. Therefore, 3D alignment of core components allows better performance. Additive Manufacturing promotes the manufacture of tiny parts which would otherwise be challenging to achieve through conventional methods. For thin films, inductors, solar cells, and many others, Additive Manufacturing has developed a configuration. Inkjet and direct writing of conductive inks are the most popular 3D printing methods for electronics.

Quantum Dot Display

quantum-dot-display-TV-QLED-TV

quantum-dot-display-TV-QLED-TV

 

A Quantum Dot (QD) light emitting diode (LED), with green and orange-red light emitters combined in a silicone matrix, has been printed by Jennifer Lewis and colleagues in complete 3D. The imprinted tool displays the best-processed QD-LEP output 10-100 times, but may theoretically be improved with a transport layer of electron. Inkjet printing was combined with 2- (2- butoxy ethoxy) ethanol to prepare a copper nanoparticle that was stabilized by polyvinyl pyrrolidine. The pigment was removed and sintered onto a Polyimide at 200 ° C. The ready-to-use electronic system has developed low resistivity of 3.6 μ Ω cm and 2.2 times the copper resistivity.

quantum-dot-led-display-quantum-dot-led-bulb

quantum-dot-led-display-quantum-dot-led-bulb

 

Bionic Ear

Using a 3D inkjet printer, bionic ears were developed. The bio-compounds were made up of cell-cultivated alginate and hydrogel chondrocytes matrix and conductive silicone and silver nanoparticle polymer. The 3D printed ears display increased auditory sensing to allow the ear to listen to stereo music. It demonstrates that biotechnology and electronics can be paired with modern technologies.

3D-printed-ears-bionic-ear

3D-printed-ears-bionic-ear

bionic-ear-working-concept-auditory-sensing-3D-printed-ear-electronics

bionic-ear-working-concept-auditory-sensing-3D-printed-ear-electronics

 

 

CUBESAT 3D Printing

3D printing CubeSat has been developed by students from the University of Northwest Nazaren and Caldwell High School. The CubeSat was launched in 2013 as part of a NASA mission on board the Delta II launcher. It contains miniaturized electronics and sensors and is designed to gather in real time information on the impact of harsh spatial environments (oxygen, UV, radiation, temperature and collisions). Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), Polylactic acid (PLA), Acrylic, and polyetherimide / polycarbonate (PEI / PC ULTEM) for polymeric materials were used in the construction of the CubeSat.

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cubesat-3d-printing-3d-printed-cubesat-frame-cubesat-lid

 

Future 3D Printed Electronics

Potential electronic innovation and software development will take advantage of low-cost, modular architecture and fast-paced manufacturing methods for the production and test of innovative technologies via 3D printers. Printed circuit boards for instance, would have superior precision and flexibility, with significant cost cuts, environmental benefits, speedier rates of output and improved design capabilities. Adaptive 3D printing, utilizing a closed-loop system that incorporates real-time feedback control and DIW of usable content, is an innovative development area to create devices on complicated geometries.

This 3D printing approach will contribute to different types of smart manufacturing technology for wearable devices directly imprinted on human skin Future 3D Printed Electronics. Throughout the wearable smart technology sector, biology and biomedical science, the development and application of innovative medical therapies, novel opportunities will arise.

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future-3d-printing-electronics-technology-directly-printed-in-skin

 

Additive-manufacturing-aerospace-components-3d-printing-models

NASA Additive Manufacturing | 3D Printing Aerospace | Aurora Flight Sciences

NASA Additive Manufacturing in Aerospace

Additive-manufacturing-aerospace-components-3d-printing-models

Additive-manufacturing-aerospace-components-3d-printing-models

 

The aerospace industry is one of the most exciting fields of the development of Additive Manufacturing (I.e. 3D Printing). This sector accounts for almost 20 % of the overall Additive Manufacturing business today, according to the Wohler survey. Light weight and high strength materials are probably recommended in aerospace applications. Additive Manufacturing’s value relies on reducing prices, improved production efficiency and a rise in a range of items to meet customer needs. Additive Manufacturing is a major technology that enables complex structured products to be designed and manufactured that have improved mechanical strength and weight at lower cost as well as less least lead time. In order to produce limited volume, the aerospace industry substituted traditional moulding and machining techniques with 3D print technology.   Additive Manufacturing provides low-cost design and fabrication on a limited production volume.

BAE Aerospace 3D Printing

Around 20 years ago, the aerospace industry proposed Additive Manufacturing. The primary application for 3D printing was prototyping, design and development of jigs, fixtures and tools. In addition, 3D Printing is used in an on-demand situation to manufacture spare components. The opportunity to manufacture on-demand substitute parts lowers the costs for the development of products that will never be purchased when modern equipment is redundant and therefore saves inventory in the factory. For reference, 3D printing window breather pipes are currently used by BAE Systems in jetliner aircrafts. The cost of such pipes is 40 % lower than that of the injection moulding pipes developed and manufactured as needed.

3D-printed-metal-parts-metal-3d-printing-3d-printing-aerospace

3D-printed-metal-parts-metal-3d-printing-3d-printing-aerospace

 

Aurora Flight Sciences & Piper Aircraft & Lepron in 3D Printing Technologies

Piper Aircraft manufactures equipment with polycarbonates (PC) which can endure 3000 to 6000 psi Hydroforming pressure. Furthermore, Aurora Flight Science developed wings, which weigh one third of the metal parts extremely dense. Those wings have circuitry integrated. In order to use remote controlled helicopters, Lepron produced 200 different models. Aerospace industries are required to substitute tiny parts with 3D printed components, thus reducing the machinery’s weight. Examples include armrests, seat belts, food tray and several other components.

Wings-3D-printed-in-Aurora-Flight-Sciences

Wings-3D-printed-in-Aurora-Flight-Sciences

 

NASA Additive Manufacturing

In a pressurized cabin in the spacecrafts, NASA recently built a rover reported as Desert RATS. The rover will carry people to Mars. This contains 70 3D imprints from flame retardant vents and containers, camera mounts, wide glass doors, front bumpers, advanced electronics, and many more. The materials used to 3D print of the rover component where Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), PC/ABS (Polycarbonate / Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) and Polycarbonate (PC) and they were developed by the 3D printing machine, FDM Stratasys.

Future Additive Manufacturing Requirements

Companies have implemented Additive Manufacturing without major improvements in their goods for quick growth. This transition is mostly attributed to the quickly evolving economy and the low cost of constructing these small intrinsic products. A variety of hurdles must be addressed in order to promote Additive Manufacturing progress.

Polycarbonate-Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene-aerospace-components

Polycarbonate-Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene-aerospace-components

 

Some of these challenges include:

  1. The present Additive Manufacturing pace is slower for the development of bulk production;There are few choices for polymeric materials;
  2. The production of large components is not permitted by the current machines.

In addition, businesses are required to follow a totally distinct business strategy by customizing the commodity for the finished product and ensuring production on demand. Future work will support the growth of firms with  complex geometry and multifunctional structures, which enable new solutions to complicated challenges.The mechanical or thermal response of components may be modified through Additive Manufacturing strategies through the use of functionally graded materials. In fact, on-demand processing lowers expense and avoids future storage loss.

future-3d-printed-shoes-future-additive-manufacturing

future-3d-printed-shoes-future-additive-manufacturing

 

3D-printed-human-organs-3d-printed-organs-3d-printing-body-parts

3D Printing Human Organs | 3D Printed Bone Tissue | New 3D Printing Skin Tissue | Revolutionary 3D Printed Ear

3D Printing Human Organs

3D-printed-human-organs-3d-printed-organs-3d-printing-body-parts

3D-printing-human-organs-3d-printed-organs-3d-printing-body-parts

3D printing Human Organs  uses three – dimensional computer printing techniques in which a computer 3D model is placed in a 3D printer and lays out successive polymer or latex layers before 3D objects are produced. The material that was used by printer is a biocompatible polymer in the situation of organ printing. The following section discusses 3D Printed Bone Tissue, 3D printed Skin Tissue, and 3D printed Ear.

3D Printed Bone Tissue – 3D Printing Human Organs

3D printing technology solutions demonstrated significant benefits in creating porous scaffolds with macro pores designed for formulating in bone tissue engineering. Till now, though only one form of macro pore was reported in 3D-printed, organic ceramic scaffolds. In general, individuals scaffolds with a single type of macro pore possess significantly lower porosity and porous surfaces, limited oxygen and nutrition delivery to surviving cells, and new bone tissue formation in the center of the scaffolds.

3d-printed-bones-tissue-engineering-bone-scuffolds

3d-printed-bones-tissue-engineering-bone-scuffolds

In China the above idea is considered as a subject of research and an alternative model is created. They prepared a hollow-struts-packed (HSP) bio-ceramic scaffolds combining high porosity with impressive mechanical strength with the surface area. The special properties of the hollow strut of biological ceramic boards have enhanced dramatically the attachment and proliferation of cells and further promoted the development of fresh bone tissue in the center of the scaffolds suggesting that HSP ceramic scaffolds may be used to rebuild large bone defects. Additionally, it can be used to create another HSP ceramic scaffolds which show that tissue engineering, mechanical engineering, catalysis and environmental materials have wide acceptance.

3D Printing Skin Tissue – 3D Printing Human Organs

Patients with skin burns and severe wound injuries often have long-term recovery and extensive and costly treatments. The autologous split thickness skin graft (ASSG) is the most frequently used technique for treating large wounds. A skin tissue is implanted in the wounded region and tends to repair and heal the cut. This procedure is focused on extracting a layer of skin from some section of the patient’s body and re-applying it at the location of damage. The downside of ASSG is that it is constrained by the number of recipient areas, which produces another damage location as well. 3D biomaterial printing will mitigate the ASSG-related issues. Skin cells are grown in a laboratory and mixed for bioprinting with biocompatible polymers.

3d-printed-skin-graft-LASER-based-Inkjet-Bioprinting-Skin-Tissues

3d-printed-skin-graft-LASER-based-Inkjet-Bioprinting-Skin-Tissues

 

LASER based Inkjet Bioprinting Skin Tissues – 3D Printing Human Organs

In Germany, laser research institute in Laser Zentrum Hannover (LZH) has documented the use of a laser-based inkjet printing process for 3D skin printing. Such inks made of serum blood / gelatin and fibroblast fluid, keratinocytes and the biomaterials of collagen. Collagen is the main skin extracellular matrix portion (ECM). The team showed, by proliferating cells in histologic parts, that the laser-based printing system will not damage the cells.

3D Printed Ear by DIW Technique

The tympanic membrane, also referred to as the eardrum, has a thin layer of tissue that absorbs sounder noise from ambient air and transfers it onto tiny bones in the tympanic (middle-ear) cavity in an auditory ossicular.

3D-printing-ear-3D-Printing-Human-Organs

3D-printing-ear-3D-Printing-Human-Organs

At Harvard University, the tympanic membrane scaffold was designed using the Direct Ink Write (DIW) Process, consisting of materials focused on Poly dimethyl siloxane (PDMS), Polylactic acid (PSL), and Poly caprolactone (PCL). The team has proved that materials with similar properties can be designed and manufactured in comparison with human specimens. Concentration rings for each 3D graft organize high frequency displacement and acoustics, which were highly dependent on the patterns and mechanical characteristics, characterized by digital optoelectronics holography, vibrometry of laser doppler and mechanical dynamic analysis.

3D Printed Liver – 3D Printing Human Organs

3D-printing-Liver-3d-printed-body-parts-3d-organ-printing

3D-printing-Liver-3d-printed-body-parts-3d-organ-printing

 

3D Printed Kidney

3d-printed-kidney-transplant-3d-printed-organs

3d-printed-kidney-transplant-3d-printed-organs

 

3D Printed Lungs

 

3D-printed-artificial-lungs-3D-Printing-Human-Organs

3D-printed-artificial-lungs-3D-Printing-Human-Organs

3D Printing Heart

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3d-printed-heart-valve-3d-printed-silicone-heart-3D-printing-hearts